New developments move ahead steadily in keeping with the remote, and very relaxed, way of life in the Hidden Himalayas. The lack of roads and other essentials of 'modern life' in this very mountainous region can make working there difficult but rewarding. Local people are hard working and very enthusiastic about the positive change that is slowly happening and bringing new hope to this beautiful but remote corner of the world. They contribute in many ways through their own resources and labour and also in decision making and sourcing funding from government agencies. The Nepal Trust is there to help facilitate this self-help approach and support the local communities to achieve their goals.
The new Birthing Centres are progressing well. Bargaun has started recruitment of specialist staff and is virtually up and running. The Sarkegad building is now complete, with the help of a Community Assistance Grant, and internal work is underway. The adjoining Government Health Clinic, originally built by the Nepal Trust, is now receiving urgent remedial work necessary as the result of years of neglect through a debilitating civil war centered in this particular area. Funding for the Yari Birthing Centre is almost there and work will be starting shortly.
Our 2014 Little Doctor Health Education programmes are now fully subscribed and funded. Thank you to all who have contributed to support this innovative and very worthwhile project.
It is, perhaps, appropriate to look back and think about why the Nepal Trust is here trying to make a difference. Twenty years ago a young mother from Humla approached two British doctors and asked them to please come and establish a health clinic in her home district of Humla where there was nothing functioning. Within two years a brand new clinic was operating a service and attracting patients from two to three days walk away - such was the need! From there we have established a chain of clinics and services covering most of this remote and impoverished district changing lives and bringing hope.
The following are extracts from 'A Personal View' written by a young British doctor who spent a month working in one of the more remote clinics over 15 years ago.
'Its been an experience of a lifetime. I have, like on all journeys, gained so much personally but I think I have also given much too. I feel like I have been part of something very rare, part of a tradition and way of life that is in danger of disappearing for ever.
The people I worked with are very special. Their way of life is very hard and unromantic but, from my perspective, it was very romantic, peaceful and spiritual.. However, I did gain some understanding of their perspective as I lived at the clinic on my own. This meant cooking, collecting firewood, cleaning, clinic teaching,washing - all without modern tools, light, electricity, etc. It was hard work and yet I was lucky that my work did not involve 8 hours of back breaking work in the fields! Suddenly you understand why the women who come to the clinic laugh at you when you tell them they must wash themselves and their children every day!
Life takes on a whole new perspective and I don't think I will ever be the same again. I think I will struggle with the demanding 'Western' patients who have driven 5 minutes down the road and demand to be seen right away. In Humla I saw people who had walked for two days with severe Rheumatic Heart Failure and still sat patiently waiting to be seen.
Medicine in remote areas: no resources, no means of evacuation, no money, no time, no understanding. Very difficult! I know so little of a HUGE problem. I can only give my brief experience and perspective to others; my opinions and ideas almost worthless in such a big complex of problems.But, I feel I did some positive small changes during my time at the clinic. I feel, at least, that I left behind three Health Workers who were a little more knowledgeable, motivated and informed. I think that my time at the clinic improved its reputation, increased the people's trust in the clinic and trust in Western health workes and the Nepal Trust.'
Fifteen years has seen many changes, still no roads but mobile phones in places! Many volunteer doctors and health professionals have contributed over the years and many share similar sentiments. Things are improving. Our integrated approach has seen significant improvements to lives and societies. Children survive the early dangerous years and health knowledge has been widely disseminated through our child health education programmes. The clinic in the report above is vey successful and run in collaboration with another specialist NGO to ensure resources are used efficiently and meet all essential needs.
However, it's a long haul and not a simple in-out operation!
Thank you for all your support. Please spread the word.
Life is indeed hard for women in Humla. Particularly in the Hindu communities, woman are responsible for much of the hard labour as well as having to raise and support children. Officially banned in law the ancient practice of chaupadi is still widely practiced particularly in the more remote villages. Menstruating women and those in child labour are banned from the home to cowsheds and outhouses because they are considered impure and will bring misfortune such as crop failure, illness and death to the family. It is thought that if they touch men or anything in the house, cook or use public water tanks or wells the community will be punished by the gods.
Slowly these perceptions are changing through education and the Nepal Trust is helping to promote the change through its chain of health clinics and its child education programme. Our Little Doctors programme trains over 60 young students annually in basic health care and young girls now understand that the changes to their bodies is a perfectly natural function that should not be hidden away but helped.
The Trust is also building three Birthing Centres where mothers can give birth in a safe environment. Each centre is linked to an existing Health Clinic so that resources can be used to best effect. The first Centre at Bargaun village is nearing completion and will support a number of surrounding Hindu and Budhhist villages including the largest Hindu village in Humla. The second Centre at Sarkegad is well on the way to completion helped by a Community Assistance Grant. Sarkegad is the economic centre of south Humla and developing rapidly. Our third Centre at Yari will start construction later in the year. Funding is almost in place supported mainly by Rotary International.
Our clinics were very busy during 2013 and over 9000 patients were seen and received treatment. Poor hygiene and dirty water were responsible for a lot of intestinal problems and skin diseases. Smoky homes and damp conditions led to a variety of respitory disorders and conditions like conjunctivitis. Pneumonia and intestinal problems were particularly bad amongst the under 5 year olds and is a major cause of the very high infant mortality rate in this region. Family planning advice and support was given in nearly 4000 cases.
In this report you will see a link to a film on YouTube, 'Journey to the Sky', made by Rotarians from Durango in Colorado. We have said previously that our work is carried out in a very integrated way. We have built many hydro and solar energy schemes over the years to provide clean energy and lighting to homes that previously were lit by polluting oil lamps. This alone has had a beneficial impact on reducing respitory disorders. This film is about a group of Rotarians who travelled to Humla to install solar lamps in a number of homes and villages. They also became involved with one of our Little Doctors courses and saw for themselves how important and valuable this type of health education is.
Thank you for all your support and I hope you can continue to do so or pass on the good news to family and friends.
Our UK chairman, Dr Mike Love, has recently returned from a voluntary three week trip to our project sites in Humla. It was a gruelling trip over high passes and mountain trails to reach some of the villages. He is able to report a satisfactory outcome and genuine progress being made. The new on-site health manager, Ratna Lamichanne, is introducing new methods and training to improve health care delivery. Our cooperation with another Ngo, ISIS, has seen significant improvements at the health clinics in Kermi and Yalbang both in the service delivery and infrastructure. This type of collaboration has positive benefits and avoids duplication and wasted resources in such a remote and difficult area. New staff, particularly female, have been or will be recruited which will give more confidence to female patients who find it difficult to be examined by a man in their very conservative society. A small laboratory is now available in the Yalbang clinic for the analysis of blood and urine samples - another first for the district.
Change is happening rapidly and increasing expectations. Limited roads are beginning to appear from the Tibet side, sometimes hand built by the villagers themselves. Mobile phones can be used over about 75% of the area so contact and keeping in touch is a lot easier. However, for the majority life is how it has been for the last thousand years but with small improvements happening year-on- year.
Our first Birthing centre at Bargaun village is on course for completion in the spring of 2014. This is another district first. Bargaun is working in collaboration with our nearby clinic at Torpa village which will improve efficiency and delivery. About three hours walk down the mountain is the largest, and poorest, Hindu village in Humla, Thehe. We are now in discussion with the village leaders to develop a collaborative health care delivery policy involving Thehe, Torpa and Bargaun. Work has started on a new Birthing Centre in south Humla in the village of Sarkegad attached to our existing clinic. Some initial funds have been secured for this vital project and it is hoped to complete by 2015. The new Birthing Clinic at Yari village in north Humla is at the advanced planning stage and the majority of the funding has already been secured. As always, the community have to contribute up to 10% in kind. This ensures a sense of ownership and future care.
Our three Little Doctor programmes in Simikot, Yalbang and Bargaun have been completed and 66 young students successfully graduated. We urgently need funding for next years programme.
As reported before our other activities are fully integrated with the health programme to help nurture and promote healthier lifestyles. An example of this is our Renewable Energy programme that has developed numerous hydro and solar energy schemes all of which significantly reduce the need for kerosene and wood and leads to a reduction in respitory diseases. Earlier this year eight members of the Rotary Club of Durango Daybreak in Colorado trekked, in horrendous monsoon conditions and under the direction of the Nepal Trust, to deliver and fit 165 solar lamps to homes and small businesses on the Great Himalayan Trail in Humla. These are homes that would otherwise not be connected to another electricity supply and will help them to develop their businesses for trekkers and tourists and improve the local economy. While in Humla they were also able to participate in one of our Little Doctor programmes. They have now produced a fantastic film about their trip http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=4EOTfz-7lBM 'Journey to the Sky'. It is well worth watching to get some idea of the difficulties of working in such a remote area.
If you would like to trek with the Nepal Trust do get in contact. Our Treks 2 Build have been running since 1994 and will provide you with the experience of a lifetime and you will also put something back in to these deprived communities.
Finally, to all our supporters and friends around the world, from everyone at the Nepal Trust, we would like to wish you a very happy Christmas and festive season with your family and friends. We hope that 2014 brings you joy and new hope and that the people of the Hidden Himalayas will continue to see improvements to their hard lives. It is a privilege to work for them when they also share their lives, and what little they have, with us.
The reality of life in Nepal is worse than that! The Nepal Trust has established a chain of health clinics following the main trading route through Humla from Tibet and we continue to expand our network. However, it is still a tough walk over steep and rough mountain trails to reach the clinics; sometimes taking two days or more! For outlying and remoter villages it can take longer. Imagine having to carry an elderly relative or young child on your back over steep mountain trails for 8 hours to reach your doctor - it doesn't bear thinking about unless, of course, you live in the Hidden Himalayas. The Trust is working hard to to improve this situation and provide a reliable and efficient health service for all.
In the four months from April to July our clinics treated over 4500 patients. The monsoon season will cause more sickness and we expect patient figures to increase during this period. However, we see a gradual improvement in overall general health as our efforts to reach people and educate the young in particular begins to have an effect. Combined with our other approaches of providing clean renewable energy and income earning jobs we expect to see a gradual year-on improvement.
Our new season Little Doctors health education programme has started and 66 young students have enrolled for this four month course that will raise their awareness of health matters including personal hygiene, family planning, diseases, sanitation, first aid and nutrition. Classes are organised and run through local schools and delivered through trained health workers from the Nepal Trust, local school teachers and local government health workers.
The Nepal Trust works with the government to provide health care according to national legislation. Recently central government has delegated responsibility for health management and delivery to a district committee. The Trust is working very closely with this committee for future direction of our health programme.
Our first Birthing Centre at Bargaun is nearing completion and will open up a whole new opportunity for mothers to give birth under safe conditions for the first time ever. The next two centres at Yari and Sarkegad are well into the planning stage for construction from 2014. There is a small shortfall in funding and we would welcome any additional support and help to close the gap.
The Trust welcomes any feedback, help or advice you can give. Our whole ethos is based on dedicated volunteers who give their time, money and skills to our cause. please contact us if you would like to help in some other way.
Finally, we have attached our latest newsletter that gives a wider picture of our work in this remote and impoverished area. It describes other areas of work designed to give the local people new opportunities and a healthier lifestyle. Ultimately, that is what it is all about!
For such a beautiful, if very remote, part of the world the maternal and child health statistics are appalling in the 'Hidden Himalayas'. Technology is moving fast and computers and mobile phones can be used in Simikot and the small mountain airstrip has a blacktop making take-off and landing a little bit more comfortable. However, 40% of children die before they reach the age of 5 years and 8% of mothers die during labour. Much of this is down to long established beliefs and lack of education. The Nepal Trust is targetting these areas to make a difference. Our Little Doctors programme providing health education is an innovative and rewarding project that is beginning to make a difference. Over 250 young students have completed the 4 month course and have passed on their knowledge to their other family members. A course, for over 20 students, costs £1500 and is delivered through the local education system by health workers and their own teachers. Courses for 2013 are already subscribed and additional funding is required to deliver them. Can you help?
Our first, and the regions first, dedicated Birthing Centre in Bargaun is nearing completion and grant applications have been submitted for the next two centres to be built in Yari and Sarkegad. Mothers will no longer have to go outside or in to the cowshed to give birth. These facilities, staffed by Auxiliary Nurse Midwives (ANM), will provide a clean place with qualified personnel to ensure the birth is as comfortable and safe as possible. Your support for this very important initiative is very much appreciated.
We continue to improve the delivery of our health service and have recently appointed a new Health Manager who will oversee all of our clinics and services. Ratna Lamichhane is fully qualified to supervise and deliver all the work that we do particularly maternal healthcare.
The Nepal Trust has long taken an integrated approach to its overall work in Humla. Our view is that a healthy society is also a prosperous one and, to further this philosophy, we have developed renewable energy projects, cultural and heritage preservation and income generation projects. We are excited to announce a joint collaboration with the Swiss charity Norlha to develop an agricultural project. The project aim is to re-vitalize agriculture development and expand vegetable production and bee-keeping in the Humla area. Today tourism is a viable income source for families along the trek routes, where there is an increasing demand for vegetables and agriculture products. Additionally, since most of West Tibet is semi-desert with low agricultural productivity, the border markets offer trading potential for local farmers. This is just one of many projects designed to improve the livelihood and, therefore, the future health of these remote mountain communities.
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